People who were interested in the project or just happened to be around while the project was getting built. Brake Abs Warning Light Problems of Volkswagen Jetta - part 1 Volkswagen Jetta owners have reported 36 problems related to brake abs warning light (under the service brakes category). Connect the main power pack to the speed controller, and make sure the connection is sound. Bwog’s Beats: 2019 Rewind. alternating between 5 single beeps and 5 double beeps. Feb 16, 2014 · Hello guys, I just got a brand new spanking CLA250 white with the rear view camera camera, the dealer told me I can turn on the sensor sound if I get too near objects, where do I turn that on? I guess I haven't looked hard enough in the settings. X-Car 120A Motorized Toy Car pdf manual download. Programming Via Computer. Thx in advance for help. Entering :set xyz will give the same result as before (a message but no beep or flash). Castle Creations' speed controls and motors are some of the best in the industry. Most ESCs need to be calibrated so that they know the minimum and maximum pwm values that the flight controller will send. I've had a Google and come up with a couple of links for FMS ESC's - even though the Word doc only mentions 50A max, it is likely to be the same. Just COMPOSE. In addition once the latter had occurred I hd no brake lights and no cruise control set. Sure enough they did, but the ESC won't stop beeping. Move the throttle stick to center (between 1. Just did a quick test on one of these ESCs. The ESC is equipped with audible alert tones to indicate abnormal conditions at power up. we are using FLYSKY i6 TX and FLYSKY ia6b receiver since it has ppm output. If finished the autocalibration more then once, got the nice tune. Understand that an electric motor that is connected to. ESC's not beeping; User. Skip navigation Sign in. Listen for the beeps: one beep = brake off, two beeps = brake on. 17,027 RPM is well below the maximum 34,286 RPM the ESC can handle so we're good. X-Car 120A Motorized Toy Car pdf manual download. The ESC will then arm and sound two short ‘beeps’ via the motor. Redcat racing thunder drift. I just wait a while, try multiple times and. Sep 05, 2013 · 2) You can't get the motor to run because it just beeps? I have been trying to address the second issue (#2). Wait for the tones; Do the same procedure for the low travel adjust endpoint. Build a PC system gives continuous beeping sound! Thread the hard drive will suddenly stop scanning and the desktop tower's speaker will start to beep. It is a repetitive beep, which sounds the same as when you turn on the ESC. the esc was not beeping before flight. Dec 03, 2019 · CN21 Machine Type and This item will ship to United Statesbut the seller has not specified shipping options. It never got to the windows boot-up screen. To confirm programming, beeps from the motor are needed. Firstly connect ESC to motor and rx, power on tx and hold trigger way back before connecting ESC to power, then there will first 3 beeps, following by will 4 beeps, let trigger back to nuetral after any one of the 4 beeps (do not miss the 4 beeps, otherwise it will get into programming steps),then 2 beeps out indicates calibration is finished. Lynxmotion UAV SimonK ESC User Guide 9. On these ESC's, (Non LVD) a red light indicates a fault. one of the world's leading manufacturers in the RC field, is committed to researching, developing, producing, and marketing quality RC parts, including brushless motors, ESC and Propellers, etc. The beep is continuous and seemingly never-ending as I left it on for a while and it never stopped beeping. I just hope the motors will then beep when I try to calibrate the FC. Pounds a bit like seat belt. Just did a quick test on one of these ESCs. i also checked out the blheli tx programming beep chart,didn' match how esc beeped…. This is surely not the right signal for ESC. What ESC's? I bought 4 from Hobbyking recently and 2 didn't work, just beeping continuously. The motor should beep a 1 2 3 beep followed by two short beeps. Connect the main power pack to the speed controller, and make sure the connection is sound. I just hope the motors will then beep when I try to calibrate the FC. The major BIOS suppliers are listed below and can be used to search for special BIOS updates not supplied by the Computer vendor. thrthstart up cycle like normal, but no motor when i move throttle, I've re bound it , still no motor. Discussion in 'ESC's, Wiring & Batteries i have ae2 esc and when i turn it on it does its first set of beeps then it just continues to beep not. If you don't know what signal the esc needs to work, your programming will never work. Unfortunately only Kiss ESCs have implemented some of the commands (I don't have any kiss ESCs so I can verify this). Mar 08, 2016 · OpenTX eepe and bin model files ESC - 40A Battery - 4S 3000mAH back into it with electrics and on the learning curve. But I can't really access the screen where it says Start in Safe Mode. When i plug in the power the ESC's fist beeps some tune and then they start beeping regular, all i have plugged in is the APM and Battery. Please follow the instructions to program your controller. This aint true. The ZTW Mantis series is designed as a performance upgrade for your stock/OEM ESC. If you dont do this procedure the esc will just beep, beep, beep. It beeps 2. waiting for your command to turn the brake on. This mimics the Linux virtual console. Additionally, a malfunctioning stop lamp switch may also result in intermittent operation of the push-button start feature, affect the operation of the brake-transmission shift interlock feature, preventing the shifter from being moved out of the PARK position and cause the Electronic Stability Control (ESC) malfunction light to illuminate. Servo unplugged On Traxxas micro receivers there are two channel 1 steering slots. If not calibrated it will still be seeing low throttle as being higher than it really is and for safety reasons won't arm. The procedure described above allows the ESC's "brain" to recognize and save correct max/min throttle settings. Lost the manual. It needs to be in 4 wheel high and I believe neutral? but possibly drive. The other two are fine. SmartOnline S3MX Series 3-Phase 380/400/415V 30kVA 27kW On-Line Double-Conversion UPS, Parallel for Capacity and Redundancy, Single & Dual AC Input. What Does the Electronic Stability Control (ESC) Warning Light Mean? The ESC warning light is designed to help drivers in case they lose steering control by retaining control of the brakes and engine power in the car. Note: You MUST set the throttle range before this esc will arm. Anyways, I got her all put back together but now the ESC just keeps beeping and won't arm. Beacon Strength: Sets the strength of beeps when beeping beacon beeps. ) and does not run when you move the throttle stick, the ESC is not detecting the end points of the throttle stick and requires calibration. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. the ESC needed to be reprogramed. You can check the 3 wires between motor and ESC if one is unplugged, it could cause the problem. So I set out to modify blheli_s code to accept Dshot commands. Officially you can use Servo library for Galileo and find the similar library for Netduino. by default it will be at 100%, see if you can make it > 100%. At some time it was hard to see that text had been selected because the "text selected" colour was almost exactly the same as the normal colour. If this happens during battery connection, it can be safely ignored. anyway I'm using a dx 6, a mantis 65 amp esc, eflite apprentice safe rec. Replied by propnut on topic HELP!DEVO8s No Throttle Just ESC Beeping If the servo works then it sounds like you need to calibrate your ESC so it knows the range of the radio. ESC Programming on Arduino (Hobbyking ESC): Hello Community, I'm going to show you, how to program and use the Hobbyking ESC. the servo is working. My esc connected to my arduino uno, (supposed to be controlled by my joystick). tkater Posts: 2. When a power-on password is active, the password prompt appears on the screen each time the system is powered on. Beep pattern Problem Solution Paper Out Pause No paper is loaded in the selected paper source. At this point, the manual (mine is found here) says the following: "The H. Your ESC is an intelligent piece of equipment. add power to the ESC; At this stage the ESC/motor should beep to indicate that it is in ESC calibration mode. later, the motor will start to beep and keep beeping to indicate the number of LiPo cells you have plugged in. Castle Creations' speed controls and motors are some of the best in the industry. Re: ESC getting hot in just a 1 minute or so? If any of the 3 motor wires are touching each other the ESC will not be able to spin up the motor and you will kill the ESC if you run it up. Xerun 1s 120a esc V3 stock with timing adj to v3 stock no timing problem with 1s 120a xerun esc. motor will still spool up but when return to low throttle the beeps continue. *Just connect the three wires of the brushless motor to the three wires of the ESC, in case the motor runs in a wrong direction, you can reverse the motor by swapping any two connections of the 3 wires to the motor. Your ESC will be different but mine always gives a series of beeps. The beacon tone in Betaflight is not how loud it is, but the frequency of the tone. tkater Posts: 2. The Dromida brushless ESC was designed for the Dromida brushless motor. Just had some work done on my 2003 RX300. X-Car 120A Motorized Toy Car pdf manual download. The beeps were out of sync in 330mhz, they were close enough where I could to the calibration. I am using the Turnigy Rotomax 10cc size motor and Fatboy 300 amp v2 ESC. Then back to full for two more beeps and then back to zero where you will hear four confirmation tones indicating the ESC is armed. ESC overview J-H-I Motors Programming by TX PPM Min Th 1148 PPM Max Thro PPM center 1488 ake On Sto LED con Off Off Off p Strength Strength 10 minutes for Multicopter Motors BLHeli S Revsion: 16. I turn on the ESC and it beeps for times indicating 4s lipos and then just beepsm and beeps and beeps, all lights are on. If you have just a single motor giving you trouble, this is the most likely cause. I then connected a different SuperX and they did the same - connected a MiniX and the same, still beeping. It's driving me nuts, man. Above ESC 30A datasheet numbered lists based on rates which from all pilots leave on product page, all of those ESCS are compatible with 400-450mm quadcoper FPV and helicopters etc. I then connected a different SuperX and they did the same - connected a MiniX and the same, still beeping. However, pressing Esc should also do nothing (no beep and no flash). [03:03] IndyGunFreak, just trying to play a streaming file [03:03] alkali, if you want to know the uuid of your hdd, just make sure it is plugged in and to blkid in the terminal === John_W3GQJ [[email protected] Incorrect handling may cause damage to the controller and cause injury to yourself and others. I walked away to fetch my video receiver/monitor and when I turned back, one of the ESCs was on fire! Once I'd put the fire out, I removed the failed ESC and had a good look at it. If everything seems to be going, what is stopping it from. If you do nothing the ESC will simply loop through the sequence of beeps—once, then twice, then once, then twice, etc. If it just sits there and keeps beeping every 3-5 seconds then either your throttle channel needs to be reversed (common with Futaba), Your throttle trim is set to high, or the ESC might need to be calibrated. (Posted on 10/6/2014). I use Turnigy 30A ESC with BEC and I test other two different ESC ( kontronik and Simon). Jun 20, 2018 · Hi im missing the last two beeps when i plug in the lipo and the receiver leds dont light up. Return the throttle to neutral and the ESC will emit a series of beeps to finalize the neutral point. When i plug in the power the ESC's fist beeps some tune and then they start beeping regular, all i have plugged in is the APM and Battery. If I had an idea I may have so many issues with would have just gone for rolling chassis and stuck a castle system in it. We all do not want it happen. Audible Beeps: None. Lynxmotion UAV SimonK ESC User Guide 9. You can just leave it as it is. please help. Then, follow these steps. tkater Posts: 2. Motor Type: one beep - brushless (default); two beeps - brushed reversing; three beeps - high-powered brush motor. Do NOT change and save UEFI BIOS settings unless you know what you are doing. Mar 07, 2013 · Flashing Turnigy Plush 18A SiLabs ESC with BLHeli Firmware. The steps are repeated to turn the brake off. Then, when the value is 0, it beeps fast. My computer locks up and won’t boot. After you’ve gone two clicks beyond, you’re done. I experienced the exact same thing as Brandon twice today, once in the morning on the way to work, and once on the way home. As soon as you here some beeps, put throttle to the minimum on your transmitter, still holding buttons 1 and 4. You can check the 3 wires between motor and ESC if one is unplugged, it could cause the problem. If everything is done correctly, ESC will make a long beep sound confirming the completion of the configuration process. I'm using 1000kv motor with 40A esc and 1450mA 3s battery. Redcat racing thunder drift. Or check continuity between batt connector and esc connection. The ESC only allows the setting of one function at a time. What do I do? Don't tell my wife it crashed!!. Start studying Hardware Chapter 13. Most of the time it sounds like 3 beeps followed by a very brief pause and then at least 10 more beeps Meaning of BIOS beeps on Dell Inspiron 600m. After you hear one short beep ("beep") indicating the motor brake function, lower the throttle stick. our system requires "a decent PC". ESC Beep Troubleshooting Guide. In Xterm R6 mode, F5 to F12 behave like the default mode, but F1 to F4 generate ESC OP through to ESC OS, which are the sequences produced by the top row of the keypad on Digital's terminals. Doesn't matter which value i give it. Aug 09, 2015 · SOLVED: Windows 10 makes beeping sounds while using the keyboard. I am using the Turnigy Rotomax 10cc size motor and Fatboy 300 amp v2 ESC. Opto type ESCs(no red wire). My esc connected to my arduino uno, (supposed to be controlled by my joystick). As a safety precaution, many modern ESCs need to be initialized and calibrated to your radio's throttle range, before the ESC will allow the motor to spin. The steps are repeated to turn the brake off. Hi, I'm hoping somebody may shed some light on this. Note: You MUST set the throttle range before this esc will arm. Toshiba Satellite A135 makes loud beeps (alarm) at startup Eventually, I am able to boot up my system, but I don't know what fixes the situation. its actually safer to avoid ESC burn outs. X-Car 120A Motorized Toy Car pdf manual download. First time builder here. (But this behavior can vary for various types) Edit Mikael_J was faster. The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) is an independent, nonprofit organisation aiming to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease. I can record from pc speaker, but not from my mic. com/q9llq4/wguq2. BLDC motor and ESC beeps but do'nt start. It is the ESC that is beeping, but I do not know why it keeps beeping. People who were interested in the project or just happened to be around while the project was getting built. So I'm having a rough time arming these bad boys. The motor should beep a 1 2 3 beep followed by two short beeps. I removed the old non-working 60A ESC and hooked up the new 40A ESC. The most recently reported issues are listed below. I've had a Google and come up with a couple of links for FMS ESC's - even though the Word doc only mentions 50A max, it is likely to be the same. I have Spektrum MR3000, SR301 receivers that work fine with other Seaking V2 ESCs I purchased a Seaking V3 ESC and, on power up, the ESC goes into a fast flashing red LED/fast beep mode. ESC needs positive pulses 1-2 ms with a gap 20 ms between them. Lost synchronization can occur when the ESC is not able to send the required power to the motor on one of the phases. Beep 3, beep 1: Voltage brown-out detected (MCU voltage dropped below 4. After reboot in non calibration mode, it beeps like crazy again. Warning beep. I have connected the white (data) servo wire of the ESC to pin 9 of my arduino and the black (ground) servo wire of the ESC to gnd of the arduino. Today I got my 1st rc and I'm just wondering is it normal for my ESC to have a steady beeping/humming when I push the throttle to go forward?. Sensored / Sensorless Brushless ESC for 1:8 scale Car or Truck. Electronic Speed Controller (ESC) Calibration¶ Electronic speed controllers are responsible for spinning the motors at the speed requested by the autopilot. No beep codes. The ESC will emit a series of beeps while blinking "Red" to finalize the reverse/brake endpoint. At this point, the manual (mine is found here) says the following: "The H. esc motor brushless beeping solved agektm. In the video, I just plug in the battery and press buttons 1 and 4 fast. its like having a 500liters water can in your backpack even if you drink like 2 liters a day. i read online that the on/off switch was faulty and so i opened it up and cleaned out the dirt and it fired up but now i have no steering/and no. I can only hear my ESC beeps when I try programming the ESCs individually. Laptop does not start. Jun 16, 2013 · I was resigned to the fact my little guy was likely to crash and at my own hand. Plug in your plane and listed for the first set of beeps. thrthstart up cycle like normal, but no motor when i move throttle, I've re bound it , still no motor. There is a mode where you can set two intervals, say 4 minutes, then 1 minute (run 4 minutes, walk 1 minute), it just beeps a few times btwn each then keeps going. the esc just keep beeping. After you hear one short beep ("beep") indicating the motor brake function, lower the throttle stick. Dec 16, 2013 · HP Laptop persistent beeping on boot. yea my batteries are fine i have 4000 mah packs stock motors on my E Maxx and one day i Brought it in tried it the next and i turned the car on and it wont move the steering still works but everytime i hit the throttle the esc just plays a little beep sound. ESC overview J-H-I Motors Programming by TX PPM Min Th 1148 PPM Max Thro PPM center 1488 ake On Sto LED con Off Off Off p Strength Strength 10 minutes for Multicopter Motors BLHeli S Revsion: 16. Then, to turn on the quad, you plug in the esc signal wire. That has happend to me twice, I just took the esc and motor off, made sure alll my. ESC Functions and Modes The Fuze ESC allows you to customize the way your vehicle 8 beeps signifying battery management system mode. This indicates that the ESC receives a valid PWM/servo signal and the LED will light up again and stay on. I found that out when going to fly after doing just that and throttle up resulted in a plume of blue smoke from my motors. and the video was very poor with horizontal lines. Hey guys, I replaced the AAs for my reciever, and now my ESC just beeps continuously and I am not getting signal. i tries every thing on transmitter ( Throttle reversing,throttle on full, half, lower ) everything , infact the esc is not doing anything. I thought about getting an extra motor and ESC but I assumed they would likely survive a crash. P3 - you're correct. However, pressing Esc should flash Vim's screen (a "visual bell"). Invictus 10MT Motorized Toy Car pdf manual download. Thanks to all the users sending me bug reports and spending a lot of time testing the software and reproducing bugs and helping with the releases. Forgot to blink and my contacts dried out (LOL!). After that, the ESC should resume "normal operations", which usually means emitting "cell count" beeps followed by "ready to run" beeps/melody. There are two beep sequences. Pre and Post arming, they omit a range of different beeps, and would be interesting to know what they mean. SimonK ESC breakdown SimonK firmware ESC has big starting­up torque, if your flight controller algorithm is not reasonable or motor quality is not high, too much throttle increment will cause burst current too high to burn ESC. If all settings are correct you will hear a single "beep" confirming that it has armed. ESC, or just continue running your ESC. The first time it writes 100, it works for a few seconds, after that, the ESC restarts. These days most people set ESC calibration manually while configuring the ESCs in blheli suit. If it just sits there and keeps beeping every 3-5 seconds then either your throttle channel needs to be reversed (common with Futaba), Your throttle trim is set to high, or the ESC might need to be calibrated. I saw another post kind of about this but it didn't really solve my problem. It will go through the materials, setup of hardware, and the software coding. We all do not want it happen. thrthstart up cycle like normal, but no motor when i move throttle, I've re bound it , still no motor. anyway I'm using a dx 6, a mantis 65 amp esc, eflite apprentice safe rec. It will tell you what the beeps mean on helpful thanks can run programs, read files etc. Red LED lights on throttle input. Just a word of caution before we continue. If your controls work, but your motor doesn't power up, don't panic! It is likely that your ESC needs to be initialized. Oct 06, 2010 · I am facing this weird problem with my pc since few days when ever i try to boot up my pc, the memok led lights up and gives continuous beeps (1 long 2 short) even pressing the memok button dosent help now to solve this i have to reseat the bios by moving the jumpers, and then push the memok BSOD Help and Support: Beeps at start up. Welcome to our SL Alarm Range Knowledge Base, this is the home of our frequently asked questions and useful information about our product range. How to Troubleshoot Beep Codes Figuring out why your computer is making beeping sounds should only take 10 to 15 minutes. I am currently getting total engine cutout when my battery reaches a low voltage, I need to set the ESC to stop this. tkater Posts: 2. It continuously beeps in this pattern for a few cycles until its just the LED power light flashing in a similar pattern. The default settings control many printer functions. The reset option you listed isn't working. Currently there is support for reversing the motor direction and making the ESC beep at various tones. my gws 15 amp bl esc will just beep just three times and that will tell me its ready to start. If not calibrated it will still be seeing low throttle as being higher than it really is and for safety reasons won't arm. beep, beep, beep, beep, beep…. View and Download Hobby King X-Car 120A user manual online. * Implement LS2 (ESC n) LS3 (ESC o) SS2 (ESC N) SS3 (ESC O) 6. Buy GoolRC Programming Card for RC Car ESC Brushless Electronic Speed Controller: Computer Speakers - Amazon. So I'm ready to buy latest drivers for the quality in optical drives. How to Troubleshoot Beep Codes Figuring out why your computer is making beeping sounds should only take 10 to 15 minutes. Damage resulting from misuse or modification will void your warranty. It's always happened at random times with many of the ThinkPad's I've used, but I've never found out what was causing it. The required timing is set by moving the throttle stick to the closed throttle position. by cj2600 the laptop makes a series or short and long beeps and will not start up. later, the motor will start to beep and keep beeping to indicate the number of LiPo cells you have plugged in. the code that is on the arduino is. My esc connected to my arduino uno, (supposed to be controlled by my joystick). Model is the Phantom 1 with the Naza V2 receiver. The ESC will confi rm the neutral setting has been completed by beeping one time and fl ashing. Scorpion User Guide for Scorpion Tribunus 14-200A ESC (SBEC) v1. So PLEASE, if you don't have a clue, dont post your assumptions. But I can't really access the screen where it says Start in Safe Mode. The ESC will beep two long beeps and two short beeps to indicate a 12S LiPo pack. Deprecated: Function create_function() is deprecated in /var/www/togasybirretesbogota. ) and does not run when you move the throttle stick, the ESC is not detecting the end points of the throttle stick and requires calibration. SimonK ESC breakdown SimonK firmware ESC has big starting­up torque, if your flight controller algorithm is not reasonable or motor quality is not high, too much throttle increment will cause burst current too high to burn ESC. It will go through the materials, setup of hardware, and the software coding. Dec 03, 2019 · CN21 Machine Type and This item will ship to United Statesbut the seller has not specified shipping options. Just COMPOSE. i tried to reset the throttle but iit won't. Electric Off-Road - esc keep beeping - ive bought a hobbyking 100a esc. After reboot in non calibration mode, it beeps like crazy again. Problems with PS3 - 3 beeps, blinks red since i'm an electronics tech, i just dont happen to have the actual PS3 repair manual. You don't tug on superman's cape. The ESC will start beeping beacon beeps if the throttle signal has been zero for a given time. Every transmitter will give a different number (mine is at 62), so don’t be too concerned with the actual number; just add three clicks after you hear the initialization beeps. A member at our flying club said he'd never seen this before, but another though it was OK. Then, when the value is 0, it beeps fast. hold down the SET button then turn on the ESC button 2:Let it run thru the 10 beeps til you get the. However, pressing Esc should flash Vim's screen (a "visual bell"). The beacon tone in Betaflight is not how loud it is, but the frequency of the tone. Press Esc key to resume booting without waiting for the system to cool. I ahve the timex ironman watch. by default it will be at 100%, see if you can make it > 100%. I just want to send an LED signal or beep, like this: ESC [ 6 q ESC [3 q ESC [7 q (LED on, beep, LED off). If you have just replaced the system battery, disregard this message. ESC's not beeping; User. Total beeps is 25 times. Also, if you are doing swim specific stuff, you could consider getting a tempo trainer. Forgot to blink and my contacts dried out (LOL!). Attached is a photo of the manual referring to the settings and levels. I have a high speed racing boat and I am not getting any throttle response. So I though I was covered. But sometimes they can be a pain to troubleshoot. But I can't really access the screen where it says Start in Safe Mode. The procedure described above allows the ESC's "brain" to recognize and save correct max/min throttle settings. It beeps 2. It is connected with RS232 to the PC. The second that I turn it on it starts beeping. Skip navigation Sign in. any advise folks. I've worked with ESC's many times, but no matter what I did I couldn't get the motor to go "on line" and run and it kept beeping and beeping and beeping. The ESC will emit a succession of tones indicating that setup mode is being entered, followed by a series of beeps indicating what the options are currently set at. ESC manual setting options (including power straight version) ESC will control the motor to sound with some rhythm beep sounds. When the value is 100, it gives a beep with 2 beeps following it. -Put the stick at low throttle and the setup sequence begins. These days most people set ESC calibration manually while configuring the ESCs in blheli suit. Also, if you are doing swim specific stuff, you could consider getting a tempo trainer. I'll upload a video of what it does, and the settings. 12 thoughts on “ Using ESC/Motor Beacon as Lost Model Alarm ” Bruno Gomes 14th April 2019 at 12:41 am. have used a 30A ESC on a motor that just uses 10A!!!. its like having a 500liters water can in your backpack even if you drink like 2 liters a day. 2 with the Flying Wing/Skywalker X5 Firmware 1. It never got to the windows boot-up screen. After powering up the KISS ESC (with a LiPo battery) the LED lights up for roughly half a second and the motor will beep (high-low-high). Lost synchronization can occur when the ESC is not able to send the required power to the motor on one of the phases. I don't quite know how to describe the. I've tried measuring the external battery voltage and recalculating the multiplier, changing the ESC connectors about and multiple different batteries with all the same symptoms. when i turn on my radio and plug in the battery the plane beeps. It takes a secret handshake to escape this application if you’ve stumbled into it. HELP! My Toshiba laptop won't boot and beeps constantly. The product can also be made to customers’ specifications.